Literacy: Reducing the Technology Gap in Distance Learning

Giornata Internazionale dell'Alfabetizzazione

It is celebrated today September 8th, the International Literacy Day. It is an anniversary strongly desired by the UNESCO and supported by several non-profit organizations from around the world.

Literacy is a right that must be recognized for all, a fundamental right for development, harmony and individual and social well-being.

According to the definition of the Treccani dictionary, the term literacy designates the process of teaching and learning the minimum written communication skills essential to humans, including reading, writing, comprehension and numeracy skills. It's no coincidence – it never is, how fascinating is the play of meaning and the logic behind the words? - That alfa and beta are respectively the first two letters of the Greek alphabet. Being literate therefore would mean "possessing the alphabet".

This invitation to "learning-that-must-never-end" is above all addressed to children and adults who, due to external obstacles, have not had the opportunity to access teaching. While illiteracy, by undue assumption, we associate it with cases in which communities of young individuals have not had access to literacy since birth, in modern society the term literacy is also used to indicate a more or less specific lack of functional knowledge .

For convenience, the article will examine – and at heart – the concept of “old school” literacy, ca va sans dire. According to the UNICEF report "A World Ready to Learn" dated 2019, there are mainly three key factors for undertaking pre-school education, and for starting the youngest to literacy: the poverty, The family well-beings, the area of residence. The gap between rich and poor countries still greatly affects the level of education and the illiteracy rate. For this reason, for years various associations and NGOs have been engaged in social work in order to mobilize public and institutional opinion, trying to raise awareness on the issue of literacy. Numerous projects and investments are made in favor of this initiative of humanitarian interest.

The gap it is even more evident in terms of contribution technological. In low-income countries, children do not have access to remote learning systems due to scarce economic and technological resources. While in the last two years or so, many of the countries were preparing children and young people in primary and secondary schools to take lessons in dad, many children on the other side of the world were struggling to survive.

Distance learning is a luxury that, fortunately, many countries have managed to take advantage of. Yet it has awakened the attention of several non-profit organizations, denouncing the digital divide, which compares two parts of the world.  

Furthermore, what resulted from the lockdown was also a loss, in terms of effectiveness, of learning, of concentration, and therefore of literacy.

On the occasion of the International Literacy Day (in English International Literacy Day), established as far back as 1967, we intend to celebrate the importance that literacy has for all cultures and for the countries of the world. A poor mastery of the main communication skills can be a limit for an individual in his relationship with himself and with the surrounding society.

Literacy is not just an access to freedom, to independence. It is not just an existential right. It can be and is an instrument of power, decisive for human development and social progress.

The new illiteracy is more than not knowing how to read a book; it's about not knowing how to read the world. (at Henry Giroux)

Happy International Literacy Day!

#InternationalLiteracyDay2021

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